What is a story?
The story is a short, prosaic piece, with a simple, usually single-story plot, characterized by compositional freedom, episodic plot, digressions, descriptive and reflective parts, exposing the narrator’s person and the circumstances surrounding the narrative. This is the basic form of narrative expression, depicting the growing during the course of events and determining the dynamic aspect of the world depicted in the epic poem.
Story due to its simplicity, freedom to create the presented world and the possibility of enriching the narrative with various elements (description, character’s description, dialogue) is considered one of the easiest forms of written expression. Several types of stories can be distinguished, but three are used most often in school:
1. A reproductive narrative – aims to reproduce the events presented in a given book, theatrical performance, film. It requires the student to know the work and limits the possibility of creating the world presented in the story only to the elements appearing in the original. The student can not introduce additional threads, events or characters that would significantly distort the plot of the work or the creation of the characters, but he decides himself how to use the action of the work and side stories.
2. Creative narrative – depends on the independent creation of the world presented in the story, and the student can use their own experiences, emotions and experiences or create a story based on their own imaginations and fantasies. Creative narrative can present the future of characters known from other literary works or be a complete fiction.
3. Story with dialogue – involves enriching the narrative with the conversation of heroes or a monologue of one of the characters. Dialogue can be introduced by citing the characters’ conversations in the original sound, narrating the narrator’s progress (the narrator summarizes the conversation), and also by recreating the monologue of the inner character (the narrator faithfully conveys his thoughts and experiences). Storytelling requires, therefore, the student’s ability to introduce dialogue parties and knowledge of vocabulary, enabling the use of independent, dependent and seemingly dependent speech.
The determinants of a good story
1. The story’s plot should be single-threaded (focused on one or several characters, separated by the type of relations binding), simple and episodic (covering one event or situation).
2.Events should be ordered chronologically, creating a cause and effect sequence.
3.Number should be carried out in the impersonal form or in the first person singular.
4. The statement should be written in the past tense, which emphasizes the time gap between the time described and the narrative time.
5. The statement should expose the circumstances that accompany the narrative, and hence the narrator’s attitude to events and heroes.
6. The plot of the story should be enriched with descriptive fragments (description of places, heroes, phenomena), reflective (narrator’s thoughts) and digressions.
7. The language of the story should be colorful, dynamic, artistic, using various stylistic and individualized means (creating characters belonging to different environments can use elements of dialect, jargon).
8. The speech should intrigue and intrigue the recipient, ending with a surprising punch line.
The most common mistakes made
- Introduction to the story telling too many characters and threads, which makes it becomes unreadable and chaotic.
- Buying a story only around the action, without introducing descriptions or dialogues.
- The loss of the narrator in the course of the narrative – unexpectedly, the first-person narrator replaces the impersonal narrator and vice versa.
- Unexpected change of time – past tense is replaced by present one or vice versa.
- Stylistic, spelling and punctuation errors.
1. The story action must be dynamic, interesting for the reader and surprising him with an unexpected return.
2. Enrich your story with descriptive elements, remembering that the descriptions slow down the action, so in the story, which is short, they can not be too long and extended, distracting the reader’s attention from the action.
3. Try to make the sentences complex, do not limit yourself to single sentences or sentence equivalents. The expanded sentences also have an impact on the dynamics of the story.
4. Try to make the language of the story colorful, correct and aesthetic. Use stylistic means known to you: epithets, comparisons, metaphors. Make sure that the characters speak their own, individualized language.
5. An important element of the story is the climax, followed by a sudden turn of events and ending.
6. Do not focus solely on the action of the story. Also approximate the feelings, emotions of the characters and the narrator, how they perceive the given event, how they relate to it.
7. Pay attention to the liquidity of the action, so that subsequent events do not resemble episodes separated from each other.